Mecanica de bicicleta

The bicycle, although it is a complex machine, can be kept in very good condition for many years with the necessary care and attention (especially to the small details).

Constant maintenance of the bicycle is important for several reasons. First, it helps to prevent mechanical problems that can cause accidents or leave us stranded in the middle of a route; second, it improves the performance of the bicycle, making pedaling smoother and more efficient; and, third, it prolongs the life of the components of the bike.

Here are 5 Basic Bicycle Maintenance Tips that you can do at home without the need for a mechanic.


Tip #1: Chain lubrication

The chain is the heart of the bicycle. If it is not well lubricated, it will wear out faster, break, and will also start to reduce the life of the drive train in general.

To lubricate it, it is recommended to use a high-quality oil designed for bicycles that will help to reduce friction between the chain links, making pedaling smoother and requiring less effort; and in addition to that, it helps to protect the chain from wear and corrosion.

Once you have the lubricant, follow these steps:

    • Clean the chain with a brush or cloth.
    • Apply a thin coat of lubricant to the chain while pedaling backwards.
    • Let the lubricant sit for a few minutes.
    • Wipe off any excess lubricant with a dry cloth.
    • It is important not to use too much lubricant, as this will build up and attract dust and dirt (this can cause the chain to wear out faster).

Mecanica de bicicleta y lubricación de cadena

Tip #2: Tire inspection

The tires are your direct connection to the ground. That is why, ensuring that they are always in good condition is essential for a good bicycle experience, as it is also vital to inspect them regularly for punctures, cuts, or wear and tear, and of course before each ride!

It is also important to check the tire pressure, because this way you can ride with greater efficiency and avoid punctures.

Click here to learn some additional secrets for keeping your bike in perfect condition

To inspect the tires, follow these steps:

    • Visually inspect the tires for punctures, cuts, or wear and tear.
    • Check the pressure of the tires with a gauge, preferably digital for its accuracy.
    • If you find any puncture or cut in the tire, make sure to repair it before your next ride.

To go deeper into this topic, we leave you a complete tutorial on tire pressure.


Tip #3: Brake adjustment

Brakes are the lifeline on a bicycle. That is why it is important to keep them in good condition, check the pads and brake fluid regularly and make sure they are not making strange noises when pressed and that the feel is constant, that is, that it does not feel different on each brake, as this could be a sign of air in the system.

To check the brakes, follow these steps:

    • Visually inspect the brake pads. If they are worn out, it will be necessary to change the pads.
    • Pedal with the brakes engaged to check that they are working properly.
    • Before going out for a ride, test the brakes on a safe surface.

Derrapando en bicicleta

Tip #4: Shifter inspection

Shifters are a fundamental part of the bicycle that allow you to have an efficient pedaling and with less effort depending on the inclination, type of terrain or intensity when riding. That is why, reviewing them regularly will prevent you from having problems when on a long ride or difficult terrain and will allow you to have a more pleasant ride.

To check the shifters, follow these steps:

    • Pedal on a flat surface and change the ratio several times.
    • Listen if the shifters make strange noises.
    • Check that the ratio changes smoothly and without difficulty.
    • This is a very important component of the bike, so if you have a problem that does not have a solution at first sight, go to your trusted mechanic.

If you want a practical video on the correct use of the shifters, here is a complete tutorial for you to learn to master them.


Tip #5: General inspection

In addition to the previous tips, it is important to perform a general inspection of your bicycle from time to time. Check the frame, components, and connections for damage. If you find any problems, fix them as soon as possible, as some minor failures can lead to serious problems if not repaired in time.

To perform a general inspection, follow these steps:

    • Visually inspect the frame of the bicycle for cracks, dents, or wear.
    • Inspect the components of the bicycle, such as the brakes, shifters, pedals, alignment, chain, derailleur, etc.
    • A regular "bolt check" can prevent accidents, mechanical failures, or simply having your ride end in the middle of nowhere for not having dedicated 5 minutes to check that everything was properly adjusted on the bicycle.

Bicicleta de MTB y rider profesional


By following these tips, you can keep your bicycle in perfect condition and enjoy it for longer.

Here are some relevant facts about bicycle maintenance:

    • Regular bicycle maintenance can prolong its lifespan by up to 30%.
    • A poorly lubricated chain can lose up to 50% of its efficiency.
    • Worn-out brakes not only increase the risk of an accident, but by operating with less intensity and efficiency, they will make you more tired by having to use them more and with greater force.

So don't overlook these tips and always dedicate a few minutes to checking your bicycle, which is the means we have to explore the world at our own pace and enjoy this passion.

Downhill en Salento

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1 comment

Excelente artículo. Yo agregaría en las bicis de DH sobre todo, revisar que los tornillos estén bien ajustados ojalá con un torquimetro. 🙌

Mauro Bermúdez

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